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How to Build Survival Fire from Scratch Knowing how to create a fire is among of the most fundamental skills required for survival in the wilderness. A fire can do many things. It helps you stay warm and dry. It can be used to cook food, clean water and sterilize bandages. It can shoo away dangerous animals, including flying insects that are sensitive to smoke. Of course, it a good way to signal for help. Selecting a Fireplace Before beginning a fire, you have to find a good spot for it. Pick well for location is rather important. First find a place that is sheltered and protected from the wind and has good supply of wood and fuel fuel. Also make it a point that nothing nearby, such as dry vegetation, can catch fire. As you probably know, safety is always the number one priority. Prior to starting the fire, whether on a flat shale rock, a layer of stones or on solid ground, the area must be cleared of any debris. This keeps the possibility of a ground fire at bay and will make sure no traces of the fire are left, except soot stones. Choosing Your Fire Material
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To start a fire, you must do it gradually, starting with smaller wood pieces and moving on to bigger ones as the fire builds up.
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Tinder You need a material that will make starting a fire easy, like good tinder, which ignites with just a spark. Of course, the tinder should be totally dry. Many things can be used for tinder, such as paper, bark, resin, leaves and bark. Resin is found in spruce and pine trees. What’s great about resin is that it burns even when it’s wet. A knife is all you need to turn dry sticks and pieces of bark into powdery tinder. Note that tinder is fire’s most important content so it must be prepared well. Rub resin on small twigs and sticks if possible. Have a good supply of tinder on hand to keep your fire from going out. Begin gathering tinder even before you need it, and have it in your pocket or backpack so that it’s when it’s time to use it. Kindling A highly combustible material, kindling can be added to burning timber to keep the fire going. Small dry twigs and sticks are the best to use. They can easily light the moment you add them to a small flame. Fuel As soon as your fire is established, you can throw in bigger pieces of firewood but not until you have made sure they are fully dry. Dead trees are some of the best sources of dry firewood. Final Tips As mentioned, when starting a fire, safety must be a top priority. That includes never leaving camp until the fire is completely out. And certainly, it’s best to check twice or probably even thrice.