Marijuana is the herbal drug that is made up of the leaves, flowers, and buds of the hemp plant, Cannabis sativa. Doctors use the term, medical marijuana, to refer to when marijuana is used as a drug to help treat symptoms, like pain, muscle stiffness (spasticity), nausea, and lack of appetite, and is also used by people who have conditions, such as cancer, AIDS, or multiple sclerosis.
Due to the fact that some medical experts do not recommend marijuana for the following reasons: no approval from the Food and Drug Administration; marijuana may impair your memory, judgment, and coordination; marijuana smoke can harm the lungs; and there are legal drugs that may work, as well, just like marijuana, the US federal law states that it is against the law to possess, sell, give away, or grow marijuana for any purpose other than medical marijuana, such that some states allow or even provide license to people to dispense medical marijuana, like a state-licensed dispensary, or doctors who can write a certificate to avail of marijuana.
The advantage of using marijuana, as a natural medicine, has become a better alternative than the chemically-processed medicines taken from two active chemicals found in marijuana, which researchers believe have medicinal applications and they are: cannabidiol (CBD), which seems to impact the brain and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which has pain relieving properties. Based on the CBD and THC medical applications, these are the following benefits from medical marijuana.
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In its 1970 studies on marijuana, the National Eye Institute showed that marijuana, when smoked, can lower intra-ocular pressure in people with normal eye pressure and those with glaucoma, such that frequent use of this herbal drug can slow the progression of glaucoma, an eye disease that causes an increase pressure in the eyeball, damaging the optic nerve and causing blindness.
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In a journal of the American Medical Association, dated January 2012, the study published that marijuana does not impair lung function and, instead, can even increase lung capacity; a finding, which medical researchers discovered from their test run on lung function, over 20 years, to 5,115 young adults, which showed that tobacco smokers lost lung function over time while pot users showed an increase in lung capacity. The reason for the increased lung capacity from pot smokers may be due to taking deep breaths while pot smoking, as believed by medical researchers, and not from from the therapeutic chemicals in the herbal drug.
Robert J. de Lorenzo of Virginia Commonwealth University in his 2003 research study, which was published in the Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, he experimented with marijuana extract and synthetic marijuana to treat epileptic rats and the results showed that the drugs were able to relieve the rats of the epileptic seizures for about 10 hours, to which he concluded that the THC chemical in marijuana can control seizures by binding brain cells, which are responsible for controlling excitement and regulating relaxation.
More benefits of medical marijuana are being discovered by medical researchers, but the US government has yet to consider and approve of its full use; otherwise, medical marijuana is still very much regulated.